(JTA) — Polling in Europe suggests a significant increase since 2017 in the prevalence of anti-Semitic attitudes on the continent’s eastern countries.
The Anti-Defamation League published Thursday results of polling this year of about 9,000 people in 18 countries.
The data largely agreed with a previous polls conducted in those countries in 2017. But Ukraine, Poland, Hungary and Russia showed major increases.
In those countries, 46, 48, 42 and 31 percent of a total of 2,015 people polled demonstrated what ADL considers anti-Semitic attitudes, the American anti-racism group said in a statement. In the 2017 poll, the percentages were 32, 37 and 40 percent of the people polled. In Russia, the rate jumped from 23 percent during the previous polling in 2015 to 31 this year.
In Western Europe, Sweden ranked lowest on the anti-Semitism index, with four percent, and Spain was highest, with 28. Belgium also had prevalent anti-Semitism with 24 percent, a three point rise from 2017. In France, the rate was unchanged from 2015 and 2017 with 17 percent. It was 37 percent in 2014. In the United Kingdom, it was 11 percent this year, a one-point drop from 2017.
Outside Europe, a significant increase in the prevalence of anti-Semitism was recorded in Argentina: From 24 percent in 2015 to 30 this year.
“It is deeply concerning that approximately one in four Europeans harbor the types of anti-Semitic beliefs that have endured since before the Holocaust,” said Jonathan A. Greenblatt, ADL CEO.
The poll was conducted based on respondents’ approval of rejection of statements about Jews, including: “Jews have too much power in the business world” and “Jews are responsible for most of the world’s wars.”
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